Appium desired capabilities for Android

In our previous post, we understood about Appium desired capabilities. Appium supports Android, iOS and FirefoxOS platforms, hence there are some platform specific desired capabilities.

Here we have listed all the desired capabilities for Android. Most of them are optional capabilities, but these will come handy when you are writing full blown test automation for Android.
Capability Description Values
appActivity Activity name for the Android activity you want to launch from your package MainActivity, .Settings
appPackage Java package of the Android app you want to run,
appWaitActivity Activity name for the Android activity you want to wait for SplashActivity
appWaitPackage Java package of the Android app you want to wait for,
deviceReadyTimeout Timeout in seconds while waiting for device to become ready 5
androidCoverage Fully qualified instrumentation class. Passed to -w in adb shell am instrument -e coverage true -w
enablePerformanceLogging (Chrome and webview only) Enable Chromedriver’s performance logging (default false) true, false
androidDeviceReadyTimeout Timeout in seconds used to wait for a device to become ready after booting e.g., 30
androidDeviceSocket Devtools socket name. Needed only when tested app is a Chromium embedding browser. The socket is open by the browser and Chromedriver connects to it as a devtools client. e.g., chrome_devtools_remote
avd Name of avd to launch e.g., api19
avdLaunchTimeout How long to wait in milliseconds for an avd to launch and connect to ADB (default 120000) 300000
avdReadyTimeout How long to wait in milliseconds for an avd to finish its boot animations (default 120000) 300000
avdArgs Additional emulator arguments used when launching an avd e.g., -netfast
useKeystore Use a custom keystore to sign apks, default false true or false
keystorePath Path to custom keystore, default ~/.android/debug.keystore e.g., /path/to.keystore
keystorePassword Password for custom keystore e.g., foo
keyAlias Alias for key e.g., androiddebugkey
keyPassword Password for key e.g., foo
chromedriverExecutable The absolute local path to webdriver executable (if Chromium embedder provides its own webdriver, it should be used instead of original chromedriver bundled with Appium) /abs/path/to/webdriver
specialChromedriverSessionArgs Custom arguments passed directly to chromedriver in chromeOptions capability. Passed as object which properties depend on a specific webdriver. e.g., {'androidDeviceSocket': 'opera_beta_devtools_remote',}
autoWebviewTimeout Amount of time to wait for Webview context to become active, in ms. Defaults to 2000 e.g. 4
intentAction Intent action which will be used to start activity (default android.intent.action.MAIN), android.intent.action.VIEW
intentCategory Intent category which will be used to start activity (default android.intent.category.LAUNCHER) e.g. android.intent

intentFlags Flags that will be used to start activity (default 0x10200000) e.g. 0x10200000
optionalIntentArguments Additional intent arguments that will be used to start activity. See Intent arguments e.g. --esn , --ez , etc.
unicodeKeyboard Enable Unicode input, default false true or false
resetKeyboard Reset keyboard to its original state, after running Unicode tests with unicodeKeyboard capability. Ignored if used alone. Default false true or false
noSign Skip checking and signing of app with debug keys, will work only with UiAutomator and not with selendroid, default false true or false
ignoreUnimportantViews Calls the setCompressedLayoutHierarchy() uiautomator function. This capability can speed up test execution, since Accessibility commands will run faster ignoring some elements. The ignored elements will not be findable, which is why this capability has also been implemented as a toggle-able setting as well as a capability. Defaults to false true or false
disableAndroidWatchers Disables android watchers that watch for application not responding and application crash, this will reduce cpu usage on android device/emulator. This capability will work only with UiAutomator and not with selendroid, default false true or false
chromeOptions Allows passing chromeOptions capability for chrome driver. For more information see chromeOptions chromeOptions: {args: ['--disable-popup-blocking']}
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This is it about Desired capabilities for Android. In our coming posts, we see Desired capabilities specific to iOS

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